How and When to use Amoxicillin
Today we will be covering how to use Amoxicillin - one of the most used antibiotics worldwide. And in the upcoming weeks I will be covering different kind of antibiotics like Amoxicillin with Clavulanic Acid, penicillins. If these posts are done you can find them below. If you were and this text comes with a disclaimer this is meant purely educational this is not medical advice and if you're looking for medical advice you guessed it always contact your own doctor. Now, quickly let's get started.
Now the generic name of this medication is Amoxicillin and it's known under hundreds of brand names. Most of them also called Amoxicillin. Is available as tablets oral suspension and as injections.
Now on how to use Amoxicillin
You swallow the tablet whole with half a glass of water or you resolve the powder and half a glass of water and you drink. It it's important here that you do so at fixed times for example during breakfast and during your dinner, so you will not miss a dose. The duration of treatment depends on the severity of your infection and the location, but usually it's around five to ten days. In extreme cases, however, it can be way longer six weeks up until even six months. It's important here that you do not interrupt your treatment and you finish it completely. Even if your symptoms disappear before the treatment has ended. Because this doesn't mean the bacteria have disappeared as well therefore the treatment is usually continued for at least 48 hours after the disappearance of symptoms.
Now on when to use Amoxicillin
Amoxicillin is a wide-spectrum antibiotic which means it can be used to treat thousand different types of bacteria. There are four Amoxicillin is often use when the microorganism that causes the infection is unknown. The downside of these wide spectrum antibiotics is that they also attack our good bacteria, the bacteria and our intestines that usually help us. This can explain some of the side effects Amoxicillin has, like stomach complaints, diarrhea. But more on that later now Amoxicillin is used when the microorganism is unknown and therefore can be used to treat upper respiratory infections, like a sinusitis lower respiratory tract infections like pneumonia, your genital tract infections like chlamydia and gastrointestinal infections for example DHB bacteria that can cause stomach ulcers, infections in your bones like osteomyelitis or prosthetic joint infections and lastly it can be used to treat severe skin and soft-tissue infections.
Now this brings us to the correct dosage to use of Amoxicillin and it's rather hard and boring to give you a precise description. It depends on the age of the patient, the location of the infection, the severity of the infection, the kidney function, body weight and the expected causative bacteria. Therefore, I will only provide you with some general guidelines. Always precisely follow the prescription your doctor gave you that's very important. Now for oral use tablets or suspensions. The usual dose for adults and children weighs more than 40 kilograms is 250 to 500 milligrams every eight hours, or 750 to a thousand milligrams every 12 hours. In serious infections these dosages can be increased to 750 to a thousand milligrams every eight hours for 10 days. And what if you forgot the dose - if it takes less than four hours until your next dose, then just skip it and take that dose at the end of your treatment.
This then brings us to the side-effects and unfortunately Amoxicillin has them. I will list the most common ones. Here more than 10% of all people will experience diarrhea. One to ten percent will experience nausea, vomiting loss of appetite and a skin reaction. 0.12 one percent of people will experience dizziness a headache and a super infection. This can occur after prolonged and repeated use it's a condition in which most of the bacteria are vulnerable for Amoxicillin die which leaves room for the growth of the resistant bacteria or yeast which is a super infection. Now very rarely we see an anaphylactic shock a convulsion or a drug fever.
This then brings us to safety. Amoxicillin is safe to use with all types of food and even with alcohol. However, it can cause dizziness as a side effect. And if you're experiencing dizziness it's not safe for you to drive when using Amoxicillin. However, within a few days after using Amoxicillin these side-effects will decrease, your dizziness will decrease and then it's safe for you to drive again while using Amoxicillin. Amoxicillin is also safe to use when you're pregnant or breastfeeding however you should stop breastfeeding if you use an Amoxicillin and your child gets diarrhea, candidiasis or a skin rash. And lastly, don't use Amoxicillin if you're hypersensitive to penicillin, because there may be some overlap there. This time brings us to the end.